AMP Toolbox

The CLIMSAVE Integrated Assessment Platform (IAP) can contribute to the implementation of cost-effectiveness analysis either by utilising the ex ante or ex post approaches. Specifically, the ex ante analysis can be conducted during Step 2: Assembling a basic policy or Step 3: Making the policy robust, while the ex post analysis can also be undertaken in Step 5: Evaluation and policy adjustments.

The CLIMSAVE IAP platform is an interactive exploratory tool, which combines a series of linked models and databases, providing stakeholders with the opportunity to explore the complex issues surrounding impacts, adaptation and vulnerability to climate change at the regional and European level. Specifically, the CLIMSAVE IAP can be considered as a user-friendly interactive web tool for the assessment and quantification of the impacts of climate change adaptation policies in several sectors (urban environment, coasts, water, forests, biodiversity and agriculture).

The CLIMSAVE is a pan-European project which led to the development of a user-friendly, interactive web-based tool (CLIMSAVE IAP). The CLIMSAVE IAP can be utilised by the stakeholders in order to assess the impacts of climate change and the effects of the adaptation measures on specific sectors. The linking of models for the different sectors enables the stakeholders involved to examine and identify adaptation strategies for the reduction of climate change vulnerability and to design them in a more efficient way. Moreover, CLIMSAVE IAP estimates the cost-effectiveness, the cross-sectoral benefits and conflicts of different adaptation options, while providing techniques for identifying the level of potential uncertainties resulting in the development of robust policy measures.

The CLIMSAVE IA contains 4 screens:
  • Impacts, which investigate how different levels of future climate and socio-economic change may affect urban, rural and coastal areas, agriculture, forestry, water and biodiversity;
  • Adaptation, which exploits the scenario from the Impacts analysis and examines how adaptation can reduce the impacts of climate change;
  • Vulnerability, which analyses which areas or “hot spots” in Europe may be vulnerable to climate change in the examined scenario, before and after adaptation; and
  • Cost effectiveness, which estimates the relative cost of adaptation measures to alleviate the impacts of climate change.

Moreover, there is the capability to carry out a sensitivity analysis – under the baseline/current climate, to investigate the response of indicators to changes in the scenario settings, to explore the effects of climate change uncertainty, to analyse the effects of combined climate and socio-economic uncertainty, to assess the effects of uncertainty within a socio-economic scenario and to model the impacts in relation to a separate “user-defined” socio-economic scenario.
The Impact, Adaptation and Cost effectiveness screens from the CLIMSAVE IA Platform are presented below.

Image 1: Impact Screen

Image 2: Adaptation Screen

Image 3: Cost effectiveness screen

Various issues should be considered before conducting a cost-effectiveness analysis with CLIMSAVE IAP. The aim of the CLIMSAVE IAP is the identification of the relative cost of adaptation measures to reduce the impacts of climate change.

Some principal definitions include the fact that the cost is a qualitative assessment of the cost of implementation of a measure across a sector; where appropriate, the potential is a qualitative assessment of the potential contribution that an adaptation measure could make to overall effective adaptation in a sector; the capital availability represents the limit of the implementation and the efficacy of each adaptation measure (Scale of the levels of Capital availability: dark green = very high; yellow = medium; red = very low) and the cross-sectoral effects provide a qualitative assessment of the extent to which an adaptation measure has positive or negative impacts on other sectors.
The Cost effectiveness screen taken into account the scenario settings and provides a range of qualitative assessments of the cost, potential, limits and cross-sectoral effects for a range of hard (e.g. engineered and technical) and soft (e.g. management, behavioral) measures.
The utilisation of the Cost-effectiveness screen requires only the selection of the adaptation response that a stakeholder may wish to examine and the corresponding modification in the Adaptation screen, while the platform calculates and presents the qualitative estimates of the cost-effectiveness for a relevant range of “hard” and “soft” adaptation measures.

The CLIMSAVE IAP was developed within the CLIMSAVE project, which was funded under the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme (Contract Number: 244031).

The CLIMSAVE IAP is a stand-alone web software which allows cost-effectiveness analysis of various adaptation measures.

Moderate - high. The CLIMSAVE IAP platform is a user friendly tool and it does not require a specific amount of data for cost-effectiveness analysis.

Moderate. The costs for collection and categorisation of the necessary data are minimal.


Moderate. The tool requires no specific knowledge of economic theory or knowledge of similar empirical applications so as to carry out the cost-effectiveness analysis.

Background requirements
Moderate. No need for additional data.
High. The CLIMSAVE IAP helps the stakeholders involved to visualise the results of alternative policies. The stakeholders have the opportunity to examine different future scenarios and to visualise and assess the damages and the cost-effectiveness of the examined adaptation actions.

Time range
Medium. No time is required for the collection of the necessary data to conduct cost-effectiveness analysis. All the calculations are performed rather quickly.

Source of information
Holman, I.P., Cojocaru, G. and Harrison, P., (2013), Report on the final Integrated Assessment Platform, 2013. CLIMSAVE project.
Skourtos, M., Tourkolias, C., Kontogianni, A., Damigos, D., et al., (2014), Internalizing cross-sectoral effects into cost-effectiveness adaptation analysis, paper presented at European Climatic Change Adaptation Conference, Hamburg, 18-20 March 2013.
Harrison, P.A., Holman, I.P. and Berry, P.M., (in review), Assessing cross-sectoral climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability: An Introduction to the CLIMSAVE project. Climatic Change.
o Harrison, P.A., Holman, I.P., Cojocaru, G., Kok et al., (2012), Combining qualitative and quantitative understanding for exploring cross-sectoral climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability in Europe. Regional Environmental Change.